good wife and mother


good wife and mother
(xianqi liangmu)
Social concept
The Chinese traditional view of gender is rooted in Confucianism, which prescribes individuals’ roles based on their positions relative to others. Accordingly, the Chinese woman is defined in relation to, and subordinate to, the males in the family—she is supposed to submit to her father before marriage (zaijia cong fu), to her husband during marriage (chujia cong fu) and to her son(s) during her old age (laolai congzi). The virtue of a woman is therefore measured by how well she plays the roles of wife and mother. In addition, women are believed to belong to the ‘inside’ and men the ‘outside’, referring respectively to activities within and outside the home. The notion of ‘men till; women weave’ had dominated historically the division of labour within the rural household. Women’s interior domain is largely defined by their nurturing activities, and their identity is tied to their achievements in taking care of their husbands, reproduction and raising children. The old Chinese saying that ‘it is a virtue for women not to have education and skills’ (nüzi wucai bian shi de) further illustrates the ideological constraints that confine women to the domestic sphere.
During the Maoist period, traditional notions of women’s roles were challenged and women were encouraged to contribute to both reproduction in the home and production outside the home. Though the CCP did little to change household division of labour, it organized collective services such as childcare so that women could participate in the labour force. Since the economic reforms of the late 1970s, it appears that the ideology that a woman should stay home and strive to become a good wife and mother has once again gained popularity. The state’s retreat from the discourse of gender has paved the way for gendered practices, such as higher rates of layoff among women workers and gender discrimination in the labour market, that discourage women to work outside the home.
See also: gender roles
C.CINDY FAN

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Good Wife, Wise Mother — Derived from Western European conceptions of woman s status, nihongo|Good Wife, Wise Mother|良妻賢母|ryōsai kenbo was an ideology coined by Nakamura Masanao in 1875 [See Sharon Sievers, Flowers in Salt: The Beginnings of a Feminist Consciousness in… …   Wikipedia

  • Good Wife — Seriendaten Deutscher Titel Good Wife Originaltitel The Good Wife Produkti …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • My Wife and Kids — Screenshot from the first episode of the show, showing the titlecard and the character Michael Kyle in the background. Format Sitcom …   Wikipedia

  • List of My Wife and Kids episodes — The following is a page of episodes for the television sitcom, My Wife and Kids. The series aired on ABC from March 28, 2001 to May 17, 2005 with a total of 122 episodes produced spanning 5 seasons. Contents 1 Series overview 2 Season 1: 2001 3… …   Wikipedia

  • My Wife and Kids — Ma famille d abord Ma famille d abord Titre original My Wife and Kids Genre Sitcom Créateur(s) Don Reo Production Touchstone Television ABC Impact Zone Productions Wayans Bros. Entertainment Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mother of God —     The Blessed Virgin Mary     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Blessed Virgin Mary     The Blessed Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God.     In general, the theology and history of Mary the M …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Good Luck Charlie — Format Sitcom Created by Phil Baker Drew Vaupen …   Wikipedia

  • Mother Night —   Cover art of first edi …   Wikipedia

  • Good Morning (film) — Good Morning Criterion DVD cover Directed by Yasujiro Ozu Written by …   Wikipedia

  • Mother Simpson — The Simpsons episode Homer reunites with his mother. Episode no. 136 Prod. code …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.